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Avani Avittam Celebration
Avani Avittam is also known as ‘Upakramam’ that is a significant ritual in Brahmin community and for any one who wears the sacred thread. It falls on ‘Shravan Purnima’ (full moon day) of the traditional Hindu calendar. The word ‘Avani’ means the ‘Tamil month’ and ‘Avittam’ is ‘one among the 27 Nakshatrams’. Brahmins community all around the world perform Avani Avittam ritual with full dedication and devotion. The Yajur Vedic Brahmins start reading Yajur Veda on this day for next six months.
On Avani Avittam festival day Brahmins are bestowed with a sacred thread and it is also believed that the third eye (eye of wisdom) opens up. Avani Avittam is celebrated with an enthusiasm in Orissa, Maharashtra and southern states of India and is also
called as ‘Janeyu Purnima’ or ‘Jandhyala Purnima’.
When the boy before going to Gurukul, is invested with this holy thread and, that is symbolically means his third eye, or the eye of wisdom, is opened. This festival of Upakarma reminds us to wear the sacred thread of its glorious spiritual significance
The persons who are eligible to perform Avani Avittam are Bramachari, Gruhasta, Vanaprastha. Bhramachari who have to perform Avani Avittam for the first time after their Upanyasam is done , is called Thalai Avani Avittam.
Men go to temple in the morning after bath to do Sandhyavandhanam, Samithadaanam (only Bramacharis), Kaamokaarsheet Japam, Madhyaahnikam, Brahmayajnam, Mahasankalpam. After taking dip in sacred water again Holy Thread is changed and performs Kaandarishi , Vedarambam. The male members are invited home with aarthi when they come back.
The next day morning after taking bath Gayathri Japam is chanted 1008 times.